Schocken, Salman

(1877-1959)
   publisher; a bibliophile who derived a fortune from a chain of department stores. Born to a Jewish businessman in Posen, he studied business after attending Volksschule and in 1901 founded Zwickau's famous I. Schocken Sohne with his brother Simon. Focusing on qual-ity control and low prices, the enterprise evolved by 1930 into nineteen stores with six thousand employees and annual sales surpassing one hundred million marks. During the Weimar era Schocken served briefly on the Reichswirtschafts-rat (Reich Economic Council) and was president from 1919 of the Verband der Waren- und Kaufhauser (Federation of Department Stores).
   Despite broad financial obligations, Schocken cultivated his intellectual inter-ests. He had been raised in a traditional Jewish home, and his wish to combine the treasures of the past with a passion for modernizing Jewish thinking turned him into a collector of rare books, especially of art and literature. In 1912 he formed a Zionist group in Zwickau and participated thereafter in Zionist congresses. By the 1920s his stores were of secondary concern to his Zionist endeavors. His key im-portance to Judaism came as a publisher and advocate for Jewish education. Be-ginning with his 1927 plans to produce an anthology of Jewish material drawn from German literature, he became a major publisher of Jewish books in Ger-many, Palestine (later Israel), and the United States. Among the Schocken Ver-lag's first imprints were the initial volumes of the Martin Buber*-Franz Rosenzweig* translation of the Bible. He also founded Berlin's* Institute of He-brew Learning, a center that focused on Jewish poets in medieval Spain.
   Notwithstanding continued prosperity under Nazi rule, Schocken emigrated to Palestine in January 1934. Although his stores were sold in 1938 to "Aryan" buyers, Schocken retained the Verlag (transferred to Palestine, also in 1938; a second concern, Schocken Books, was founded in New York in 1945). He won international acclaim in the 1930s with publication of the collected works of Franz Kafka. But his cultural monument is the library of manuscripts, incunab-ula, and rare books he left to the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Designed by Erich Mendelsohn,* the university's Schocken Library was built in 1936 and houses institutes for medieval Hebrew poetry and Jewish mysticism.
   REFERENCES:Siegfried Moses, "Salman Schocken"; Poppel, "Salman Schocken."

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • SCHOCKEN, SALMAN — (1877–1959), Zionist, art and book collector, and publisher. Born at Margonin, province of Posen (now in Poland), in 1901 Schocken, together with his brother Simon, founded the concern of I. Schocken Soehne at Zwickau, which developed into a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Schocken, Salman — (1877–1959)    Publisher and bibliophile. Schocken made a fortune through the department stores which he and his brother started in Germany. He built up a collection of rare Hebrew books and manuscripts, and founded a Research Institute for… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Salman Schocken — (hebräisch שלמה זלמן שוקן, Schelomo Salman Schocken) (* 30. Oktober 1877 in Margonin bei Posen; † 21. August 1959 in Pontresina, Schweiz), war ein deutsch israelischer Kaufmann und Verleger jüdischen Glaubens. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schocken (Begriffsklärung) — Schocken steht für: Schocken, ein Würfelspiel im Rheinland und Westfalen, Kaufhaus Schocken, eine Warenhausgruppe Schocken Bücherei von 1933 bis 1939 in Berlin bestehender und von Salman Schocken gegründeter Buchverlag; nach der Emigration aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schocken (Kaufhaus) — Das Kaufhaus Schocken in Stuttgart, zeitgenössisches Foto Das ehemalige Kaufhaus Schocken in Chemnitz 2005 Unter der Bezeichnung Kaufhaus Schocken firmi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SCHOCKEN — SCHOCKEN, family active in book publishing, Jewish culture, and newspaper publishing in Israel. The family dynasty was headed by salman schocken (1877–1959), Zionist, art and book collector, and publisher. Born at Margonin, province of Posen (now …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Salman Schocken — ( he. שלמה זלמן שוקן) (October 30, 1877, Margonin, Poland August 6, 1959, Pontresina, Switzerland) was a German Jewish publisher and businessman.Salman Schocken was the son of Jewish shopkeeper in Posen. [ [http://www.forward.com/articles/7288/… …   Wikipedia

  • Schocken Department Stores — (Kaufhaus Schocken) was a chain of department stores in Germany before the Second World War.The company was found by Simon and Salman Schocken (1877–1959). After Simon had married into the owner family of Warenhaus Ury Gebrüder in Leipzig, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Schocken Books — ( Schocken Verlag ) is a publishing company that was established in Berlin with a publishing office in Prague in 1931 by the Schocken Department Store owner Salman Schocken. It published the writings of Martin Buber, Franz Rosenzweig, Franz Kafka …   Wikipedia

  • Salman — bzw. Salmān ist der Name folgender Personen: Salman der Perser, Gefährte Mohammeds und einer der ersten nichtarabischen Muslime Schneur Salman (1745greg.–1812greg.), Begründer der chassidischen Chabad Lubawitsch Bewegung Salman Schocken… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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